APA-STYLE PAPERS

 

Abstract

 

  Should be a short, unindented paragraph between 100 and 120 words

  Should be factual, succinct, focused, and easy to understand

  Contains the five elements listed on page 86 of the class handout

 

Introduction

 

  Should provide a focused review of past research relevant to the question being examined

  Contains the five elements listed on page 88 of the class handout

  The opening paragraph should attract the readers’ interest, encouraging them to continue reading the paper

  Often, using one or more of the six strategies listed on page 90 of the class handout facilitates a strong opening for the Introduction

 

Method

 

  Provides a blueprint for readers who want to evaluate what was done in a study or to replicate it from start to finish

  Should provide information about the participants or subjects, apparatus or materials, and procedures used

  Should contain the first three of the five elements of writing a good Method section presented on page 96 of the class handout

  Refer to Chapter 2, section 2.06, of the current APA-Manual.  The Method section should follow the guidelines presented.

 

Results

 

  Presents research findings based upon statistical analyses of the study’s data

  Should contain the first six of the eight elements of writing a good Results section presented on pages 98-99 of the class handout

  Refer to Chapter 2, section 2.07, of the current APA-Manual.  The Results section should follow the guidelines presented

 

Discussion

 

  Tells the reader what the study’s findings mean and the implications for current and future research

  Should contain the four elements of writing a good Discussion section presented on pages 99-101 of the class handout

  Should contain the first four of the six elements of writing a good Discussion section presented on pages 101-102 of the class handout

  Refer to Chapter 2, section 2.08, of the current APA-Manual.  The Discussion section should follow the guidelines presented

 

References

 

  For periodicals (i.e., journal articles, magazines, newspapers, and newsletters), reference Chapter 7, section 7.01, of the current APA-Manual.  Provide (i.e., type from scratch, using appropriate italics, underling, etc.) the correct citation for the article which your group reviewed.